The Top Fishing Zones of the World and Why?
With the exception of the extreme polar regions, virtually all water-based regions are considered fishing zones. However, some of these zones are bigger than others, and for good reason. Some areas are more laden with fish, which, for obvious reasons, makes them bigger fishing zones.
So, what are the major fishing zones in the world? Below, we’ll elaborate on this question and let you know why these areas are more widely fished than others.
The Largest Fishing Zones on the Planet
The major fishing zones include the following regions:
- The South East Pacific; the area that lies off the western coast of South America. This region is prized for anchovies.
- The North East Pacific, which extends from the shores of Alaska to the shores of California. Salmon is the most important catch in this region, particularly in the northern stretches; however, other major fish that are caught here include tuna, herring, haddock, cod, sardines, and halibut.
- The North West Pacific region, which spans from the Aleutian Islands to the northern Philippine Islands. In this region, salmon, halibut, cod, Alaskan Pollock, herring, and King crab are the prime marine life for fishermen.
- The North Eastern Atlantic, including the North Eastern coast of the United States and the Eastern Coast of Canada, as well as Iceland. In this area, cod, flounder, halibut, redfish, and halibut are the major fish, as are herring and mackerel.
- The North West Atlantic, including the shores of European countries that are located in this region. The major fish caught in this region are the same as those that are caught in the North West Atlantic; halibut, cod, flounder, herring, mackerel, and redfish.
Why Are These World Biggest Fishing Zones?
Obviously, areas that have prime access to water can be fished. But why are the above-mentioned areas considered the biggest fishing regions in the world? There are a number of reasons.
Firstly, each of these areas is situated near the coastline. The coastal waters in these regions are very rich in nutrients, thanks to the cold ocean currents that run through them. Add to that the fact that the water along these coastlines is shallow, which means that the fish that reside here do not have to dive deep into the water to reach their food.
Furthermore, sunlight nourishes the shallow coastal waters in
these areas, which adds to the wealth of food in these areas; more food attracts more fish.
Add to that the fact that the erosion of the land increases the organic matter and mineral concentration of the waters that hug these coastlines, and these areas provide an abundant amount of food for marine life.
Not only are the coastal waters in the world’s top fishing zones so dense in fish, but they are also relatively easy to fish in. Anglers don’t have to stray very far from shores, making these areas safer to fish in.
Furthermore, the accessibility to lumbar affords larger quantities of fishing boat manufacturing, which adds to the ease of fishing in the waters off the coastlines in these regions.