How Do Fishing Nets Work?
If you’re looking to score a large catch or you’re planning on taking a position with a commercial fishing fleet, you’re going to need to familiarize yourself with fishing nets.
What exactly are fishing nets? How do they work? Why are they used? Below, we’ll answer these questions and more so you can add one more technique to your toolbox of fishing tactics.
What is a Fishing Net?
A fishing net is exactly what it sounds like: a net that is specifically used for fishing. They can be made of various types of materials, such as nylon, silk, and even the materials of fibrous plants, like grass; basically, any type of thin, malleable materiel that can be easily manipulated. The material is formed into tight knots to create a larger piece of mesh-like material.
Fishing nets have been used for centuries by societies across the globe. There’s evidence that suggests that our stone age ancestors used these nets. In fact, the net of Antrea, which is believed to be from 8300 BC, is the oldest fishing net that has been found to date. This ancient net was constructed of willow branches.
In Korea, sinkers from fishing nets were found that dated back to 27,000 BC. Today, they are the oldest implements for fishing that have been found.
The history of fascinating history proves the significant role that fishing nets have played to support ancient civilizations. In fact, you could even say that without fishing nets, mankind as we know it may never have evolved.
How Fishing Nets Work
There are several types of fishing nets. The method for using this type of fishing gear depends on the specific type; however, the general concept is the same. A mesh-like net is cast and pulled through the water. As the net moves through the currents, fish are collected inside. The net is then pulled out of the water and the entrapped fish are removed.
Some of the different types of fishing nets include:
- Hand net. Also known as dip or scoop nets, these nets feature a net attached to the end of a pole. The fisher uses the pole to drag the net through the water and collect fish.
- Fixed gillnet. These nets feature a sheet of netting, which is affixed to stakes. The stakes are placed into the ground and as fish attempt to make their way through, they are ensnared in the net. Fixed gillnets are primarily used to catch fish in shallow waters.
- Bottom trawl nets. This fishing net is large in size and shaped like a cone. The net is attached to a boat and cast out into the water, where it drags along the bottom. Trawl nets are used to catch deep-dwelling fish, such as halibut, cod, and rockfish.
Why are Fishing Nets Used?
It’s pretty obvious why fishing nets are used: they cover a lot of area without much effort. You can easily catch a large amount of fish with one pass, so you can get the job done a lot quicker and catch enough fish to feed a whole village.